ISSN 2398-2977      

MCP / MTP joint: chronic proliferative synovitis

pequis

Synonym(s): Villonodular synovitis


Introduction

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Trauma.

Pathophysiology

  • Trauma to fetlock   →   hematoma   →   reactive inflammation of synovium (synovitis)    →   proliferation of fibrous tissue involving part or all of the synovial pad.
  • Chronic hyperextension of fetlock especially in racehorses.
  • Can occur concurrently with/secondary to dorsal phalangeal chip fractures.
  • Can occur secondary to osteoarthritis   Musculoskeletal: osteoarthritis (joint disease)  .

Diagnosis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Treatment

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Outcomes

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Mäkelä O, Sukura A, Penttilä P, Hiltunen J & Tulamo R M (2003) Radiation synovectomy with holmium-166 ferric hydroxide macroaggregate in equine metacarpophalangeal and metatarsophalangeal joints. Vet Surg 32 (4), 402-409 PubMed.
  • Murphy D J & Nixon A J (2001) Arthroscopic laser extirpation of metacarpophalangeal synovial pad proliferation in eleven horses. Equine Vet J 33 (3), 296-301 PubMed.
  • Kannegieter N J (1990) Chronic proliferative synovitis of the equine metacarpophalangeal joint. Vet Rec 127(1), 8-10 PubMed.
  • McIlwraith CW (1984) Experiences in diagnostic and surgical arthroscopy in the horse. Equine Vet J 16 (1), 11-19 PubMed.

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!