Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Lung: abscess

Contributor(s): Tim Brazil, Christopher Brown, Timothy Mair

Introduction

  • Cause: occasionally a primary condition following stress, eg long-distance travel or strenuous exercise; may be secondary to food aspiration (choke).
  • Signs: dyspnea, pyrexia, anorexia, coughing, purulent nasal discharge.
  • Diagnosis: history, signs, radiography, ultrasonography, endoscopy.
  • Treatment: antibiotic therapy.
  • Prognosis: can be poor - needs early diagnosis and aggressive treatment.

Pathogenesis

Predisposing factors

General

Specific

  • Esophageal choke with food aspiration.
  • Inhaled foreign body.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Ainsworth D M et al (2000) Effects of pulmonary abscesses on racing performance of horses treated at referral veterinary medical teaching hospitals - 45 cases (1985-1997). JAVMA 216 (8), 1282-1287 PubMed.
  • Freestone J F et al (1989) Pulmonary abscessation, hepatoencephalopathy and IgM deficiency associated with Rhodococcus equi in a foal. Aust Vet J 66 (10), 343-344 PubMed.
  • Mair T S et al (1989) Pneumonia, lung abscesses and pleuritis in adult horses, a review of 51 cases. EquineVet J 21 (3), 175-180 PubMed.
  • Reimer J M et al (1989) Ultrasonography as a diagnostic aid in horses with anaerobic bacterial pleuropneumonia and/or pulmonary abscessation, 27 cases (1984-1986). JAVMA 194 (2), 278-282 PubMed.
  • Rantanen N W et al (1986) Diseases of the thorax. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract (1), 49-66 PubMed.


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