Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Cellulitis

Introduction

  • Cause: bacterial infection via skin defect which may be difficult to detect.
  • Signs: lameness, soft tissue swelling of a limb which is firm, hot and painful. Serous ooze. Systemic signs such as inappetance, fever.
  • Treatment: clip and clean; broad spectrum antibiosis; NSAIDs; gentle exercise.
  • Prognosis: depends on early and aggressive treatment. Response should occur within 24-48 h.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

Predisposing factors

General
  • Sharp pastures.

Specific

  • Minor skin wounds on distal limbs.

Pathophysiology

  • Bacterial entry via minor skin wound, eg abrasions. Infection develops rapidly and follows tissue planes.

Timecourse

  • Rapid development of swelling and heat.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Oomen A M et al (2013) An atypical case of recurrent cellulitis/lymphangitis in a Dutch Warmblood horse treated by surgical intervention. Equine Vet Educ 25 (1), 23-28 VetMedResource.
  • Fjordbakk C T, Arroyo L G & Hewson J (2008) Retrospective study of the clinical features of limb cellulitis in 63 horses. Vet Rec 162 (8), 233-236 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Romero J M & Dyson S J (1997) The Diffusely Filled Limb. In: Current Therapy in Equine Medicine. Ed: N E Robinson. ISBN 0-7216-2633-5.


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