Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Abdomen: pain - neonate

Synonym(s): Abdominal pain in neonatal foals

Contributor(s): Deidre M Carson, Prof Jonathon Naylor

Introduction

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Meconium retention/impaction usually seen within first 36 h of life. Usually low grade pain but may be severe and continuous.
  • Bladder conditions, eg uroperitoneum   Abdomen: uroperitoneum  , torn/ruptured urachus   Bladder: rupture  .
  • Diarrhea   Diarrhea: neonate  or enteritis   Intestine: enteritis  , or enterocolitis prior to onset of diarrhea.
  • Congenital malformation of intestine or colon, eg atresia coli, ani. Pain is due to obstruction of affected segment and gaseous distension of more proximal intestinal tract and may be severe. Can be difficult to differentiate from meconium impaction.
  • Intestinal obstruction caused by torsion/volvulus/intussuception - uncommon in neonates but can occur.
  • Urachal abscess (usually slightly older foal).
  • Gastric and duodenal ulceration   Stomach: gastric ulceration - foal  .
  • Peritonitis   Abdomen: peritonitis  .
  • Chyloperitoneum - rare condition causing colic in first 24 h.

Predisposing factors

General

Diagnosis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Treatment

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Prevention

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Outcomes

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Tapio H, Hewetson M & Sihvo H K (2012) An unusual cause of colic in a neonatal foal. Equine Vet Educ 24 (7), 334-339 VetMedResource.
  • Palmer J E (2012) Colic and diaphragmatic hernias in neonatal foals. Equine Vet Educ 24 (7), 340-342 Wiley Online Library.
  • Southwood L L (2009) Colic surgery in the equine neonate: Not your typical cause of colic and are we doing better with treatment? Equine Vet Educ 21 (10), 513-515 Wiley Online Library.
  • Walmsley J P (2007) Laparoscopy in horses with abdominal pain. Equine Vet Educ 19 (2), 64-66 VetMedResource.
  • Bernard W (2004) Colic in the foal. Equine Vet Educ 16 (6), 319-323 VetMedResource.
  • Lewis S (2003) Gastric ulceration in an equine neonate. Can Vet J 44 (5), 420-421 PubMed.
  • Hulten C & Demmers S (2002) Serum amyloid A (SAA) as an aid in the management of infectious disease in the foal: comparison with total leucocyte count, neutrophil count and fibrinogen. Equine Vet J 34 (7), 693-698 PubMed
  • Orsini J A (1997) Abdominal surgery in foals. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 13 (2), 393-413 PubMed.
  • Young R L, Linford R L & Olander H J (1992) Atresia coli in the foal: a review of six cases. Equine Vet J 24 (1), 60-62 PubMed.
  • Adams R, Koterba A M, Brown M P & Baker W A (1988) Exploratory celiotomy for gastrointestinal disease in neonatal foals: a review of 20 cases. Equine Vet J 20 (1), 9-12 PubMed.
  • Palmer J E (1985) Gastrointestinal diseases of foals. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract (1), 151-168 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Koterba A M, Drummond W H & Kosch P C (1990) Equine Clinical Neonatology. Lea & Febiger. ISBN: 0812111842.


ADDED