ISSN 2398-2942      

Urine collection: freeflow

icanis
Contributor(s):

Stephen Barr

Synonym(s): Midstream urine sample collection


Introduction

  • Collection of fresh urine sample allows urinalysis to be performed.

Uses

  • Collection of urine sample for:
    • Glucose measurement when diagnosing or monitoring diabetic patients Diabetes mellitus.
    • Gross examination of urine for discoloration Discolored urine , eg hematuria, bilirubinuria, myoglobinuria (but gives no indication of source of discolouration ie renal, cystic or lower urogenital tract).
    • Measurement of specific gravity Urinalysis: specific gravity in assessing renal function.
    • Biochemical urinalysis (usually in assessment of renal function).
    • Sediment examination for presence of casts in diagnosis of renal tubular disease.
    • Sediment examination for presence of crystals in diagnosis of urolithiasis Urolithiasis.

Advantages

  • Non-invasive.
  • Requires no specialized equipment - can be performed by owner at home.
  • Usually provides adequate sample for analysis.

Disadvantages

  • Contamination may make bacterial culture unreliable.
  • Requires animal to urinate voluntarily (may result in delay in urine collection).
  • Cannot discriminate between urine produced in upper urinary tract and contamination of sample in lower urogenital tract.
  • Not appropriate if animal has urinary tract obstruction.

Requirements

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Procedure

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!