ISSN 2398-2942      

Third eyelid flap

icanis
Contributor(s):

Paul Gerding

Synonym(s): Nictitating membrane flap


Introduction

  • Nictitating membrane can be used as flap to protect and support weakened cornea and to assist corneal healing:
    • Decreases trauma to cornea from normal lid movement.
    • Decreases evaporation of tears.

Uses

  • Aids healing of corneal ulcers Ulcerative keratitis.
  • Temporary exposure keratitis, ie exophthalmos.
  • After corneal repairs (rarely needed).

Advantages

  • Simple to perform.
  • Gives good protection to cornea.
  • Topical medication can still be administered and desired therapeutic drug concentrations readily achieved.

Disadvantages

  • Cornea cannot be examined while flap is in place.
  • Cannot be used with infected corneal ulceration.

Requirements

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Preparation

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Procedure

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Aftercare

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Outcomes

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Helper I C & Blogg R (1983) A modified third eyelid flap procedure (dog, cat). JAAHA 19 (6), 955-956 VetMedResource.

Related Images

Want more related items, why not
contact us

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code