ISSN 2398-2942      

Radiography: shoulder

icanis

Introduction

  • Accurate centering is essential when radiographing any joint.
  • High resolution film-screen combinations are required.
  • A grid is necessary when tissue thickness >10 cm.
  • kV should not exceed about 60.
  • Close collimation is essential to avoid scatter.
  • If general anesthesia is not used, then sedation with analgesia is suggested.
  • The film must include the whole joint, with soft tissues, must be correctly exposed and developed and free from movement blur and artefact.
  • The anatomical marker must be clearly visible, along with the patient's identification, the date, and the name of the hospital or practice.

Uses

  • → An important diagnostic aid in determining the cause of lameness arising from the shoulder.
  • → Bony injury: fracture or dislocation Shoulder: luxation - traumatic Shoulder dislocation - radiograph CdCr.
  • → Osteochondrosis Shoulder: osteochondrosis Shoulder OCD - radiograph lateral.
  • → Bony neoplasia Bone tumor proximal humerus - radiograph , or soft tissue neoplasia Synovial cell sarcoma , invading bone.
  • → Investigation of soft tissue injury.
  • → Inflammatory, infectious or degenerative osteoarthrosis.
  • → Congenital elbow luxation.

Advantages

  • Non-invasive.
  • Low cost and readily available.

Disadvantages

  • Poor positioning can make subtle pathology impossible to detect.
  • The presence of severe pain can make the procedure difficult in a conscious patient.
  • Radiation exposure to patient/personnel.

Requirements

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Preparation

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Procedure

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Outcomes

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Bradley K (2005) Radiography and radiology of the shoulder joint. UK Vet 10 (3), 52-55.

Related Images

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code