Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Radiography: elbow

Contributor(s): Justin Goggin, Patsy Whelehan

Introduction

  • A high detail film-screen combination is required.
  • A grid is not required.
  • In UK, kV should not exceed 60.
  • Soft tissues should be included.
  • General anesthesia or heavy sedation is required.
  • The film should be correctly exposed and developed, and free from movement blur and artifact.
  • The anatomical marker must be clearly visible, along with the patient's identification, the date, and the name of the hospital or practice.

Uses

  • Fracture, especially of the humeral condyles Bone fracture (medial humeral condyle) - radiograph CrCd Elbow Y-fracture - radiograph.
  • Dislocation Elbow dislocation - radiograph.
  • Incomplete ossification of the humral condyle, fragmented medial coranoid process, elbow dysplasia (osteochondrosis Osteochondrosis Elbow OCD (for DJD) - radiograph lateral Elbow OCD - radiograph CrCd , ununited anconeal process Ununited anconeal process Elbow ununited anconeal process 01 - radiograph , elbow incongruity).
  • Inflammatory, infectious, degenerative and traumatic osteoarthrosis.
  • Neoplasia, but unusual site.
  • Osteomyelitis.

Advantages

  • Non-invasive.
  • Procedure easily performed in private practice.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Boulay J P (1998) Fragmented medial coronoid process of the ulna in the dog. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract​ 28 (1), 51-74 PubMed.
  • Miyabayashi T, Takiguchi M, Schrader S C et al (1995) Radiographic anatomy of the medial coronoid process of dogs. JAAHA 31 (2), 125-132 PubMed.
  • Marcellin-Little D J, DeYoung D J, Ferris K K et al (1994) Incomplete ossification of the humeral condyle in Spaniels. Vet Surg 23 (6), 475-487 PubMed.


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