Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Ortolani test

Contributor(s): Neil Burton, James Cook

Introduction

  • To demonstrate laxity/subluxation in the hip joint by manipulation under general anesthetic or heavy sedation.
  • Should be used to complement radiographic and clinical findings.

Uses

Disadvantages

  • Some dogs with dysplastic hips do not show positive Ortolani sign, eg those with gross femoral head subluxation or luxation, or where joint instability no longer exists (stabilized by capsular fibrosis), or when acetabular conformation is severely altered.
  • The results cannot be used alone to confirm hip dysplasia.

Preparation

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Procedure

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Cook J L, Tomlinson J L & Contantinescu G M (1996) Pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of canine hip dysplasia. Comp Cont Educ Pract Vet 18 (8), 853-867 VetMedResource.
  • Chalman J A & Butler H C (1985) Coxofemoral joint laxity and the Ortolani sign. JAAHA 21 (5), 671-676 VetMedResource.


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