Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Intracranial pressure measurement

Synonym(s): ICP measurement

Contributor(s): Rodney Bagley, Laurent Garosi

Introduction

  • Intracranial pressure (ICP) is defined as the pressure that is exerted between the skull and intracranial structures.
  • Intracranial pressure measurement is an adjunct to the diagnosis and treatment of brain trauma Brain: trauma Head trauma: assessment of patient and disease potentially causing raised ICP.
  • Intracranial pressure is thought to equilibrate equally within and among the intracranial contents, although, local increases in ICP have been noted.
  • Measurement of ICP ipsilateral to a unilateral lesion most accurately reflects pathologically increased ICP.

Uses

  • For a diagnostic and therapeutic aid in the management of brain trauma and disease potentially causing raised ICP.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Carvalho C F, Perez R B, Chamas M C et al (2012) Transcranial Doppler sonographic findings in granulomatous meningoencephalitis in small breed dogs. Can Vet J 53 (8), 855-859 PubMed.
  • Fukushima U, Miyashita K, Okano S et al (2000) Evaluation of intracranial pressure by transcranial Doppler ultrasonography in dogs with intracranial hypertension. J Vet Med Sci 62 (3), 353-355 PubMed.
  • Bagley R S, Keegan R D, Greene S A, Harrington M L & Moore M P (1995) Pathological effects in brain following intracranial pressure monitoring in normal dogs using a fiberoptic monitoring system. Am J Vet Res 56 (11), 1475-1478 PubMed.


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