Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Hock: arthrotomy

Contributor(s): John Houlton, Bill Smith

Introduction

  • Opening the joint allows thorough examination, biopsy, fragment removal, and repair of some intra-articular fractures.
  • See arthrotomy overview Joint lavage for all details except procedure.

Uses

  • Treatment of osteochondritis dissecans Osteochondrosis of the talocrural joint to remove loose osteochondral fragments and hence encourage fibrocartilagenous repair of the defect.

Advantages

  • Bilateral procedures may be performed at a single surgery.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

  • Guarded because of progression of DJD.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • van Bree H J & Van Ryssen B (1998) Diagnostic and surgical arthroscopy in osteochondrosis lesions. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 28 (1), 161-189 PubMed.
  • Dew T L & Martin R A (1993) A caudal approach to the tibiotarsal joint. JAAHA 29 (2), 117-121 VetMedResource.
  • Beale B S, Goeing R L, Herrington J, Dee J et al (1991) A prospective evaluation of four surgical approaches to the talus of the dog used in treatment of osteochondritis dissecans. JAAHA 27 (2), 221-229 VetMedResource.


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