Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Fracture: external fixation

Synonym(s): Casting, Splinting, External skeletal fixation, ESF

Contributor(s): Sorrel Langley-Hobbs, Susan Rackard

Introduction

Uses

  • Simple transverse fractures, with little distraction, which are easy to reduce and are relatively stable on reduction (casts) Fracture: overview.
  • Greenstick fractures (casts).
  • Open fractures where access to skin wounds is necessary (ESF, acrylic 'half' cast).
  • Correction of limb deformity following epiphyseal fracture Epiphyseal fracture: distal radius +/- ulna (ESF - distraction techniques).
  • ESF can also be used for simple, multiple and comminuted closed fractures.

Advantages

Casts ESF

Disadvantages

  • Intensive post-operative care.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Johnson A L, Egger E L, Eurell J A C et al (1998) Biomechanics and biology of fracture healing with external skeletal fixation. Comp Cont Educ Pract Vet 20 (4), 487-502 VetMedResource.
  • Harari J, Seguin B, Bebchuk T et al (1996) Closed repair of radial and tibial fractures using external skeletal fixation. Comp Cont Educ Pract Vet 18 (6), 651-661 AGRIS FAO.
  • Harari J (1990) External skeletal fixation. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 22 (1), 1-238 VetMedResource.


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