Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Amputation: hindlimb

Contributor(s): Andrew Gardiner, Jill Sammarco

Introduction

  • Removal of the hindlimb by amputation at the mid-femoral level.
    Print off the owner factsheet Caring for the amputee dog Caring for the amputee dog to give to your client.

Uses

  • Neoplasia Osteosarcoma Bone: neoplasia.
  • Irreparable fractures.
  • Incapacitating neurological dysfunction.
  • Intractable osteomyelitis Osteomyelitis.
  • Congenital or acquired deformity.
  • Severe soft tissue injuries eg, degloving or ischemia.

Advantages

  • The procedure is usually a 'salvage' option when no possibility of retention of a functional limb exists due to failure of other treatments or due to the expected course of a neoplastic condition.

Disadvantages

  • Appearance and/or functional locomotion of the amputated patient may be unacceptable to some owners, even after counseling.
  • Certain patients, eg large breed dogs with orthopedic disease in other limb(s), are not good candidates for amputation.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

  • Depends on the reasons for amputation. If the primary disease is treated successfully, most patients cope well with amputation of the hindlimb.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Kirpensteijn J, van den Bos R & Endenburg N (1999) Adaptation of dogs to the amputation of a limb and their owners' satisfaction with the procedure. Vet Rec 144 (5), 115-118 PubMed.
  • Straw R C, Withrow S J (1996) Limb-sparing surgery versus amputation for dogs with bone tumors. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 26 (1), 135-143 PubMed.


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