Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Amputation: digit

Contributor(s): Peter Poll, Kelly Bowlt

Introduction

  • Amputation of non-functional or seriously diseased digit.

Uses

  • Digital amputation may be required for:
    • Severely comminuted fractures.
    • Intra-articular fractures.
    • Chronic sprains, or recurrent luxations.
    • Severe soft tissue injuries, eg degloving injuries, severed tendons.
    • Marked degenerative joint disease causing pain which is unresponsive to medical management.
    • Neoplasia Digit: neoplasia.
    • Chronic bacterial or fungal infection, eg osteomyelitis Osteomyelitis, onychomycosis Paronychia, which is unresponsive to medical management.
    • Developmental or acquired digital malformation causing pain or lameness.
    • Salvage of a weight-bearing pad or portion of the paw.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

  • Generally good.
  • Guarded when neoplasia is involved.
  • Always send affected digit to histolopathology and/or bacterial/fungal culture.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Organisation(s)

  • Probst C W, Millis D L (2003) Digit Amputation. In: Textbook of Small Animal Surgery, 3rd edn, pp 1987. Ed Slatter D, Saunders, Philadelphia.
  • Hedlund C S (2002) Digit Amputation. In: Small Animal Surgery, 2nd edn, pp 206-207. Eds Fossum T W, Hedlund C S, Hulse D A, Johnson AL, Seim H B, Willard M D, Carroll G L, Mosby Inc, Missouri.


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