Elbow dysplasia certification scheme (US)
Dysplasia means the abnormal development of a structure, in this instance the elbow joint. The abnormal development (in young dogs) leads to degenerative or arthritic changes in the joint in mature dogs. In the elbow, problems relate to abnormal cartilage development, incorrect alignment of the bones, or unattached bone processes. Affected dogs have a genetic tendency to develop the disease but the severity of the disease can be influenced by other factors.