ISSN 2398-2942      

Fat

icanis
Contributor(s):

Sheilah Ann Robertson

Synonym(s): Evening primrose oil, MCT-oil, Nutraceutical


Introduction

Name

  • Fat.

Class of drug

  • Triglycerides.

Description

Chemical name

  • Fatty acids and glycerol comprise triglycerides.
  • Essential fatty acids (EFAs) are the polyunsaturated fatty acids linoleic and alpha-linolenic acids and their metabolites gamma-linolenic, arachidonic, eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids.

Uses

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Indications

  • Parenteral lipid emulsions are used in animals receiving nutritional support.
  • Parenteral nutrition mixtures comprise combinations of amino acid and glucose solutions and a fat emulsion.
    It is recommended that specialist advice is sought prior to using parenteral nutrition.
  • Medium chain triglycerides are used as energy sources in animals requiring low fat diets, eg those with hyperlipidemia Hyperlipidemia , pancreatic insuffiency Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency , pancreatitis Pancreatitis: acute or lymphangiectasia.
  • EFA gamma-linolenic acid may be useful in the management of disorders associated with reduced delta-6-saturase activity (suggested in animals with atopy Skin: atopy and hypothyroidism Hypothyroidism ).
  • EFA alpha-linolenic acid may be helpful in the treatment of inflammatory skin diseases.
  • EFAs may be indicated for non-specific cases of poor coat condition, dull harsh coat, excessive moulting and idiopathic seborrhea Skin: primary seborrhea.
  • EFAs role in the management of canine or feline arthropathies has yet to be determined. In man alpha-linolenic acid has been shown to improve clinical signs of rheumatoid arthritis.

Administration

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Precautions

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Adverse Reactions

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Based on Small Animal Formulary. Tennant, Bryn (1999) 3rd edn. Cheltenham: BSAVA.
MEMBER BENEFIT

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code