Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Patient monitoring for critical care

Contributor(s): Graham Bilbrough, Elisa Mazzaferro, Duana Mcbride

Introduction

  • Critically ill patients are typically unstable therefore rapid and profound changes in organ function can occur.
  • When assessing and monitoring critically ill patients, it is important to ensure the 3 major body systems are stable first:
    • Cardiovascular system.
    • Respiratory system.
    • Neurological system.
  • Once these organ systems are stable, then the remaining patient can be assessed and monitored. A useful checklist to use is the Kirby's Rule of 20 Kirby's Rule of Twenty.

Cardiovascular system

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Pulmonary function

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Neurological status

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Further Reading

Publications

Other sources of information

  • Burkitt Creedon J M & Davis H (2012) Advanced Monitoring and Procedures for Small Animal Emergency and Critical Care. Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Barton L (2003) Monitoring the critical patient. A Bridge to the Future Veterinary Conference.


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