Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Nutrition: raw food diets

Contributor(s): Marge Chandler, Lisa P Weeth

Introduction

  • The feeding of raw meat based diets to dogs and cats has received increasing attention in recent years. Proponents of feeding raw meat based diets claim health benefits for the diets, including improved coat, stools, teeth and immune system. These are so far largely unproven and mostly not based on scientific research, but seem plausible to well-intending pet owners who want to feed a diet that will optimize health and wellness for their pets
  • There is a concept that a raw diet is more natural and more similar to that of a wolf; however dogs have been domesticated for thousands of years and have been eating food more similar to the human diet during that time. The genome of the dog has changed over time and has dissimilarities to that of a wolf in the starch digestion and metabolism.
    Print off the owner factsheet on Raw food - is it the healthiest choice for dogs and cats? Raw food - is it the healthiest choice for dogs and cats? to give to your client.

Definition and types of raw diets

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Nutritional adequacy

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Safety for pet and public

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Feeding bones

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Diet history and precautions

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from VetMed Resource and PubMed.
  • Axelsson E, Abhirami R, Arendt L, Maqboot K  et al (2013) The genomic signature of dog domestication reveals adaptation to a start-rich diet.  Nature 495 , 360-365PubMed.
  • Freeman L M, Chandler M L, Hamper B A, Weeth L P (2013) Current knowledge about the risk and benefits of raw-meat based diets for dogs and cats.  J Am Vet Med Assoc 243 (11), 1549-1558PubMed.
  • Stockman J, Fascetti A, Kass P H, Larsen J A (2013) Evaluation of recipes of home-made diet recipes for dogs.  J Am Vet Med Assoc 242 (11), 1500-1505PubMed.
  • Schlesinger D P, Joffe J (2011) Raw food diets in companion animals: A critical review.  Can Vet J 52 , 50-54PubMed.
  • Michel K (2006) Unconventional diets for dogs and cats.  Vet Clin of North Am Small Anim Pract 36 (6), 1269-1282.
  • Strohmeyer R A, Morley P S, Hyatt D R  et al(2006) Evaluation of bacterial and protozoal contamination of commercially available raw meat diets for dogs.  J Am Vet Med Assoc 228 , 537-542PubMed.
  • Freeman L M & Michel K E (2001) Evaluation of raw food diets for dogs.  J Am Vet Med Assoc 2189 (5), 705-709PubMed.
  • Steenkamp G, Gorrel C (1999) Oral and dental conditions in adult African wild dog skulls: a preliminary report.  Vet Dent 16 (2), 65-68PubMed.
  • Berger M, Schawalder P, Stich H, Lussi A (1996) Feline dental resorptive lesions in captive and wild leopards and lions.  J Vet Dent 13 (1), 13-21.

Other sources of information


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