Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Neuroanatomical diagnosis

Contributor(s): Rodney Bagley, Kyle Braund, Laurent Garosi

Introduction

  • By the time the neurological examination is completed, the examiner should be able to localize the lesion within the nervous system.

Clinical signs of disease in specific functional areas

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Differential Diagnosis

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Ancillary Testing

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from VetMed Resource and PubMed.
  • Bagley R S, Pluhar G E & Alexander J E (1994) Lateral intervertebral disk extrusion causing lameness in a dog. JAVMA 205, 181-183.
  • Steiss J E, Cox N R & Hathcock J T (1994) Brain stem auditory-evoked response abnormalities in 14 dogs with confirmed central nervous system lesions. J Vet Intern Med 8, 293-298.
  • Hopkins A L, Howard K F, Wheeler S J & Kornegay J N (1993) Stimulated single fibre electromyography in normal dogs. JSAP 34, 271-276.
  • Holliday T A (1992) Electrodiagnostic evaluation, somatosensory evoked potentials and electromyography. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 22, 833-857.
  • Braund K G (1991) Nerve and muscle biopsy techniques. Prog Vet Neurol 2, 35-56.
  • Shelton G D, Willard M D, Cardinette G H & Lindstrom J (1991) Acquired myasthenia gravis, selective involvement of esophageal, pharyngeal, and facial muscles. J Vet Intern Med 4, 281-284.
  • Thompson C E, Kornegay J N & Stevens J B (1990) Analysis of cerebrospinal fluid from the cerebellomedullary and lumbar cistern of dogs with focal neurologic disease - 145 cases (1985-1987). JAVMA 196, 1841-1844.
  • Spaulding K S & Sharp N J H (1990) Ultrasonographic imaging of the lateral cerebral ventricles in the dog. Vet Radiol 45, 2649-2650.
  • Kornegay J N, Oliver J E & Gorgacz E J (1983) Clinicopathologic features of brain herniation in animals. JAVMA 182, 1111-1116.
  • Palmer A C (1970) Clinical and pathological aspects of cervical disk protusion and primary tumors of the cervical spinal cord in the dog. JSAP 11, 63-67.

Other sources of information

  • Lorenz M B, Kornegay J N (eds) (2011) Handbook of Veterinary Neurology. 4th edn, Elsevier/Saunders.
  • de Lahunta A, Glass E (2008) Veterinary Neuroanatomy and Clinical Neurology. 3rd edn, Saunders/Elsevier, St Louis.
  • Garosi L S (2004) Lesion localization and differential diagnosis. In: BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Neurology. Eds Platt S R, Olby N J. British Small Animal Veterinary Association, Gloucester.
  • Braund KG (2002) Neurological Syndromes. In: Clinical Neurology in Small Animals - Localization, Diagnosis and Treatment. Ed K G Braund. Ithica: International Veterinary Information Service (www.ivis.org); document no B0202.0302 (http://www.ivis.org/special_books/Braund/braund1/chapter_frm.asp?LA=1)
  • deLahunta A (1983) Veterinary Neuroanatomy and Clinical Neurology. 2nd edn. Philadelphia, W B Saunders.


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