Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Induction of parturition

Contributor(s): Autumn P Davidson, Carlos Pinto

Induction of parturition

  • Practitioners are occasionally asked to induce whelping in bitches:
    • Induction of parturition in bitches should not be attempted only for convenience.
    • Pregnancy toxemia is one example of medical conditions that compromise maternal health; affected bitches will benefit from termination of pregnancy via induction of parturition Pregnancy termination.
  • Although this is a common technique in farm animals, it is not practiced in companion animals for two reasons:
    • The endocrinology of whelping is poorly understood and very few protocols have been shown to be safe and efficacious.
    • Puppies from induced parturition may be at risk of developing neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (former hyaline membrane disease) and thus, resulting in increased incidence of neonatal death.
  • Drugs and protocols used to electively terminate pregnancy in dogs may be used to induce parturition but not all are safe in preserving neonatal viability.

Methodology

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Fieni F & Gogny A (2009) Clinical evaluation of the use of aglepristone associated with oxytocin to induce parturition in bitch. Reprod Domest Anim 44 (Suppl 2), 167-169 PubMed.
  • Fontbonne A, Fontaine E, Lévy X et al (2009) Induction of parturition with aglepristone in various sized bitches of different breeds. Reprod Domest Anim 44 (Suppl 2), 170-173 PubMed.
  • Baan M, Taverne M A, Kooistra H S et al (2005) Induction of parturition in the bitch with the progesterone-receptor blocker aglépristone. Theriogenology 63 (7), 1958-1972 PubMed.


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