ISSN 2398-2942      

Upper airway diseases: overview

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Introduction

  • Canine upper respiratory tract disease is a common problem in general veterinary practice.
  • Upper airway diseases are categorized by anatomic location, and clinical signs vary depending on the site of the disease:
    • Nose and nasopharynx:
      • Nasal discharge.
      • Sneezing.
      • Distortion of facial anatomy.
      • Stertorous breathing (snoring).
    • Larynx:
      • Stridor.
      • Decreased tolerance of heat and exercise.
      • Respiratory distress if severe.
      • Voice change.
      • Cough.
    • Trachea and mainstem bronchi:
      • Cough.
      • Respiratory distress if severe.

Nasal and nasopharyngeal disease

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Larynx

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Trachea and mainstem bronchi

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • King L G (2004) Textbook of Respiratory Disease in Dogs and Cats. Elsevier:
    • Matthews K G Fungal rhinitis. pp 284-292.
    • McEntee M C Neoplasms of the nasal cavity. pp 293-301.
    • Aronson L R Nasal foreign bodies. pp 302-304.
    • Mackin A J Lymphoplasmacytic rhinitis. pp 305-309.
    • Hendricks J C Brachycephalic airway syndrome. pp 310-318.
    • Holt D E & Brockman D J Laryngeal paralysis. pp 319-327.
    • Holt D E Nasopharyngeal polyps. pp 328-332.
    • Holt D E Laryngeal trauma. pp 332-334.
    • Clifford C A & Sorenmo K U Tumors of the larynx and trachea. pp 339-344.
    • Mason R A & Johnson L R Tracheal collapse. pp 346-355.
    • Mason R A Tracheal hypoplasia. pp 355-358.
    • Holt D E Tracheal trauma. pp 359-363.
    • Ford R B Infectious tracheobronchitis. pp 364-372.
    • Norris C R Bronchiectasis. pp 376-378.
    • Kuehn N F Chronic bronchitis in dogs. pp 379-387.
    • Shaw D H Bronchoesophageal fistulas. pp 397-399.
    • Hoover J P & Davis M S Bronchopulmonary dysplasia. pp 400-411.

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