ISSN 2398-2942      

Animal abuse (non-accidental injury)

icanis
Contributor(s):

Paula Boyden

Simon Platt

Synonym(s): NAI


Introduction

  • When someone deliberately hurts an animal, it is often referred to as non-accidental injury (NAI). This can be difficult to diagnose, and, while veterinarians’ primary responsibility is to their animal patients, the interrelationship between violence to animals and to people (the ‘Link’) should also be considered. 
  • While not mandatory to report cases of suspected abuse in the UK, every veterinary practice should have a protocol for dealing with NAI cases. The different types of abuse, what to look out for and how to deal with suspected abuse cases will be covered in this article. 
Some US states have mandatory reporting laws: www.avma.org/resources-tools/animal-health-welfare/abuse-reporting-requirements-state.

Types of abuse

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The Five Freedoms

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The link between animal and family abuse

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What to look out for

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How to deal with suspected abuse cases

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Munro H M, Thrusfield M V (2001) 'Battered pets': Munchausen syndrome by proxy (factitious illness by proxy). J Small Anim Pract 42(8), 385-389 PubMed
  • Munro H M, Thrusfield M V (2001) 'Battered pets': features that raise suspicion of non-accidental injury. J Small Anim Pract 42(5), 218-226 PubMed.   
  • Munro H M, Thrusfield M V (2001) 'Battered pets': sexual abuse. J Small Anim Pract 42(7), 333-337 PubMed
  • Munro H M, Thrusfield M V (2001) 'Battered pets': non-accidental physical injuries found in dogs and cats. J Small Anim Pract 42(6), 279-290 PubMed

Other sources of information

Organisation(s)

USA

Canada  

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