Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Ulcerative stomatitis

Contributor(s): Audrey K Cook, James Simpson

Introduction

  • Ulceration of labial mucosa lying against upper canine or premolar teeth.
  • Cause: uncertain; strong genetic predisposition.
  • Signs: severe halitosis, drooling, anorexia.
  • Diagnosis: clinical findings; histopathologic findings.
  • Treatment: rigorous oral hygiene with or without tooth extractions to control condition.
  • Prognosis: guarded.
Follow the diagnostic tree Diagnosing oral ulceration in dogs & cats.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Unclear:
    • Hypersensitivity to oral microbes suggested.
    • Concurrent periodontal disease is common Periodontal disease.
  • Strong genetic predisposition.

Specific

  • Poor dental hygiene.
  • Genetic predisposition.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Carmichael D T (2004) Diagnosing and treating chronic ulcerative paradental stomatitis. Vet Med 99 (12), 1008-1011 PubMed.
  • Joffe D J & Allen A L (1995) Ulcerative eosinophilic stomatitis in three Cavalier King Charles spaniels. JAAHA 31 (1), 34-37 PubMed.
  • Anderson J G (1991) Approach to diagnosis of canine oral lesions. Comp Cont Ed Prac Vet 13 (8), 1215-1226 VetMedResource.


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