Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Stifle: osteochondrosis

Synonym(s): OCD

Contributor(s): Joseph Harari

Introduction

  • Uncommon, affecting young, medium/large breeds.
  • Cause: often concurrent hip dysplasia Hip: dysplasia.
  • Signs: unilateral/bilateral, progressive, recurrent, hindlimb lameness.
  • Diagnosis: signs, radiography.
  • Treatment: conservative.

Pathogenesis

Predisposing factors

General

  • Large, rapidly growing, young dogs.
  • High energy (calorie) diet.

Pathophysiology

Timecourse

  • 1-3 months, before skeletal maturity.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Scott H (1999) Non-traumatic causes of lameness in the hindlimb of the growing dog [Part 2]. In Practice 21 (4), 176-188 VetMedResource.
  • Harari J (1998) Osteochondrosis of the femur. Vet Clin North Am Sm Anim Pract 28 (1), 87-94 PubMed.
  • Bertrand S G et al (1997) Arthroscopic examination and treatment of osteochondritis dissecans of the femoral condyle of six dogs. JAAHA 33 (5), 451-455 PubMed.
  • Montgomery R M et al (1989) Osteochondritis dissecans of the canine stifle. Comp Cont Educ Pract 11 (10), 1199-1205 VetMedResource.


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