Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Stifle: instability due to other ligament insufficiency

Introduction

  • Cause: major trauma.
  • Signs: non-weight-bearing lameness, swollen painful joint.
  • Joint instability depends on which ligaments.
  • Complete luxation rare.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Trauma → rupture of medial and/or lateral collateral ligaments.
  • Trauma → dislocation of stifle joint by rupture of cruciate ligaments and one/both collateral ligaments, eg foot caught in fence while jumping.

Specific

  • Usual combination of injuries is rupture of:
    • Cranial cruciate ligament.
    • Caudal cruciate ligament.
    • Medial collateral ligaments.

Timecourse

  • Acute.

Diagnosis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Treatment

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Outcomes

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Bruce W J (1998) Multiple ligamentous injuries of the canine stifle joint - a study of 12 cases. JSAP 39 (7), 333-340 PubMed.
  • Aron D (1988) Traumatic dislocation of the stifle joint - treatment of 12 dogs and 1 cat. JAAHA 24, 333-340.


ADDED