Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Skin: tail gland hyperplasia

Contributor(s): Rosanna Marsella, David Scarff

Introduction

  • Common.
  • Cause: hyperandrogenism?
  • Signs: hyperplasia of that region on dorsal surface of tail which bears simple rather than compound hair follicles, numerous sebaceous and hepatoid glands; may become infected.
  • Diagnosis: clinical signs, age of onset, histopathology.
  • Treatment: none needed in most cases, castration in severe cases.
  • Prognosis: good.

Pathogenesis

Pathophysiology

  • Androgens → enlarged sebaceous glands (hyperplastic or cystic).
  • Absolute or relative hyperandrogenism → hyperplasia of sebaceous glands, perianal hepatoid glands or both.
  • Primary or secondary seborrhea.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

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