Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Rupture / avulsion of the biceps brachii tendon

Synonym(s): Bicipital rupture

Contributor(s): Joseph Harari

Introduction

  • Complete rupture - uncommon, associated with shoulder luxation Shoulder: luxation - traumatic (especially craniomedial).
  • Partial rupture/avulsion of origin of biceps brachii tendon - not uncommon.
  • Signs: swelling and pain over cranial aspect of shoulder.
  • Treatment: stable joint - conservative therapy; unstable joint - tendon should be re-attached to point of origin wherever possible.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Trauma.
  • Idiopathic.
  • Following transposition from surgery.

Pathophysiology

  • Scapular tuberosity may avulse or tendon may rupture.
  • Tendon contributes to shoulder stability - rupture/avulsion of tendon seen in shoulder luxation.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Bardet J (1999) Lesions of the biceps tendon. Diagnosis and classification. A retrospective study of 25 cases in 23 dogs and one cat. Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 12 (4), 188-195 VetMedResource.


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