Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Periocular dermatitis

Introduction

  • Inflammation of the periocular skin - see also blepharitis Blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelids).
  • Cause: most commonly due to parasitic conditions (sarcoptic/demodectic mange, ringworm) or allergies.
  • May also be secondary to ocular irritation or as part of a generalised seborrhoea Skin: primary seborrhea.
  • Signs: periocular erythema, alopecia, self-trauma, generalised dermatitis.
  • Diagnosis: clinical signs, skin scraping, intradermal skin test, mycology, response to hypoallergenic diet.
  • Treatment: eliminate underlying cause.
  • Prognosis: generally good.

Pathogenesis

Etiology


Parasitic Fungal Allergic Seborrheic Secondary to ocular irritation
  • Self-trauma.
  • Reaction to ocular discharges.
Systemic disease

Predisposing factors

General
  • In contact with affected animal (parasites, dermatophytosis).

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Bond R, McNeil P E, Evans H et al (1995) Metabolic toxic epidermal necrosis in 2 dogs with different underlying diseases. Vet Rec 136 (18), 466-471 Europe PMC.
  • Johnson B W & Campbell K L (1989) Dermatoses of the canine eyelid. Comp Cont Ed Pract Vet 11 (4), 385-394 VetMedResource.


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