ISSN 2398-2969      

Pelvic bladder

icanis

Introduction

  • Cause: embryological anomaly.
  • Signs: urinary incontinence.
  • Diagnosis: radiography.
  • Treatment: medical management or surgical correction.
  • Prognosis: guarded for full resolution of signs.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Embryological anomaly.
  • Cause unknown.
Pathophysiology
  • Anatomy established as neonate but signs may not become evident until adult life.
  • Bladder remains at pelvic level instead of migrating cranially into abdomen.
  • 'Pear-shaped' bladder with rounded urethral vesical junction.
  • Bladder neck is within the pelvic canal.

Pathophysiology

  • A component of urethral sphincter mechanism incompetence in many incontinent bitches.
  • Bladder remains at pelvic level instead of migrating cranially into abdomen.
  • Effect on sphincter mechanism is not known.

Timecourse

  • Months to years.

Diagnosis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Treatment

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Outcomes

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Scott L, Leddy M, Bernay F and Davot J L (2002) Evaluation of phenylpropanolamine in the treatment of urethral sphincter mechanism incompetence in the bitch. JSAP 43 (11), 493-496 PubMed.
  • Power S C, Eggleton K E, Aaron A J, Holt P E & Crupps P J (1998) Urethral sphincter mechanism incompetence in the male dog - importance of bladder neck position, proximal urethral lengh and castration. JSAP 39 (2), 69-72 PubMed.
  • Gregory S P, Parkinson T J & Holt P E (1992) Urethral conformation and position in relation to urinary incontinence in the bitch. Vet Rec 131 (8), 167-170 PubMed.
  • Holt P E (1985) Importance of urethral length, bladder neck position and vestibulovaginal stenosis in sphincter mechanism incompetence in the incontinent bitch. Res Vet Sci 39 (3), 364-372 PubMed.
  • Mahaffey M B, Barsanti J A, Barber D L & Crowell W A (1984) Pelvic bladder in dogs without incontinence. JAVMA 184 (12), 1477-1479 PubMed.

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code