Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Patella: fracture

Contributor(s): Rob Pettitt

Introduction

  • Rare.
  • Cause: direct blow to patella.
  • Types:
    • 1. Avulsion fractures of distal pole.
    • 2. Transverse mid-body fractures.
    • 3. Comminuted fractures.
  • Concurrent joint penetration common, failure of quadriceps mechanism follows 1. and 2.
  • Signs: acute onset hindlimb lameness/non-weight-bearing, local swelling and pain.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Direct trauma to patella.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Bright S R & May C (2011) Arthroscopic partical patellectomy in a dog. JSAP 52 (3), 168-171 PubMed.
  • Denny H R (1975) The use of wire tension band in the treatment of fractures in the dog. JSAP 16 (3), 173-183 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Abercromby R H (1998)Patella and fabella.In:Manual of Small Animal Fracture Repair and Management. Coughlan & Miller (eds), BSAVA Publications, Gloucester, pp 293-301.


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