ISSN 2398-2969      

Intraspecific intolerance

icanis
Contributor(s):

Karen Overall

Synonym(s): Inter-dog aggression


Introduction

  • Cause: various.
  • Intolerant behavior towards members of the same species.
  • Signs: usually manifested as aggression towards unfamiliar dogs or towards dogs within the same household.
  • Can be directed towards same or opposite sex.
  • Aggression may be offensive, defensive, physical or threatening.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • The outward behavior may depend on and be specific to the hormonal status of both the perpetrator and of the victim.
  • Learning may be involved.
  • The behavior may be a defence reaction which is inappropriate either in its intensity or its context.
  • Fear and anxiety as a result of inappropriate experiences, or lack of appropriate experiences, may be highly relevant.

Predisposing factors

General
  • Previous traumatic experience with other dogs.
  • Lack of appropriate canine socialization.
  • Inappropriate signals from other dogs.
  • Owner influence through inappropriate elevation of status of one dog within the household and don't perceive changes at social maturity.
  • Hormonal status.

Specific

  • Lack of appropriate socialization or traumatic incidence(s) involving other dogs - cases of fear-based intolerance.
  • Owner influence - cases of status-related intolerance.
  • Hormonal status - cases of same sex-intolerance, especially inter male all environment and inter bitch in same home.

Pathophysiology

  • There are various potential causes of intra-specific intolerance.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Casey R A , Loftus B, Bolster C, Richards G J , Blackwell E J (2013) Inter-dog aggression in a UK owner survey: prevalence, co-occurrence in different contexts and risk factors. Vet Rec 172 (5), 127 PubMed.
  • Beaver B (1983) Clinical classification of canine aggression. Applied Animal Ethology 10 (1-2), 35-43 VetMedResource.

Other sources of information

  • Overall K L (1997)Clinical behavioral medicine for small animals.pp 104, 111-113, 130, 317.
  • Landsberg G, Hunthausen W, Ackerman L (1997)Handbook of behavior problems of the dog and cat.pp 146-148, 186.
  • Askew H (1996)Treatment of behavior problems in dogs and cats.pp 185, 189, 191, 201, 319.

Organisation(s)

  • Companion Animal Behaviour Therapy Study Group (CABTSG), c/o Daniel Mills, De Montfort University, Lincoln, Caythorpe Court, Caythorpe, Lincs NG32 3EP, UK.
  • Association of Pet Behaviour Counsellors, PO BOX 46, Worcester WR8 9YS, UK. Tel/Fax: +44 (0) 1386 751151; Email: apbc@petbcent.demon.co.uk; Website: http://www.apbc.co.uk.

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