Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Tarsus: pes varus

Contributor(s): Bill Smith

Introduction

  • Uncommon.
  • Pes varus resulting from genetic (autosomal recessive) specific distal tibial deformity has been specific in Dachshund.
  • Cause: tibial dysplasia rather than growth plate trauma.
  • Treatment: open, distal tibial wedge osteotomy stabilized by modified Type II external skeletal fixation.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Autosomal recessive genetic component.

Predisposing factors

General
  • Breed - Dachshund. Genetic etiology because litter-mates have been affected.

Pathophysiology

  • Distal tibial deformity resulting from tibial dysplasia or growth plate trauma.
  • Retardation of medial tibia growth of the distal tibial growth plate.

Timecourse

  • 5-6 months until fully grown.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Johnson S G & Hulse D A (1989) Corrective osteotomy for pes varus in the Dachshund. Vet Surg 18 (5), 373-379 PubMed.
  • Mayrhofer E (1977) Metaphyseal dysplasia of the tibia in German Dachshund. Kleintierpraxis 22 (6), 223-228 VetMedResource.


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