Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Elbow: osteochondritis dissecans

Synonym(s): OCD

Contributor(s): Prof Walter Renberg

Introduction

  • Cause: inherited predisposition.
  • High incidence of bilateral involvement - most commonly affecting outer edge, central weight-bearing region articular surface, medial humeral condyle.
  • Occasionally seen in conjunction with fractured coronoid process (FCP) Fragmented medial coronoid process or ununited anconeal process (UAP) Ununited anconeal process osteochondroses.
  • Treatment: surgery.
  • Prognosis: good with early diagnosis and treatment.

Pathogenesis

Predisposing factors

General
  • Inheritance.

Pathophysiology

  • Same as osteochondrosis Osteochondrosis.
  • In long-standing cases, cartilage flap may break off → lodges in caudal and medial aspect of joint capsule → forming a linear osteochondral ossicle.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

 


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