Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Diarrhea: parasitic

Contributor(s): James Simpson, Kenneth Simpson, Aarti Kathrani

Introduction

  • Cause: variety of parasites:
    • Hookworm.
    • Whipworm.
    • Tapeworm.
    • Giardia spp.
    • Coccidia.
    • Cryptosporidia.
  • Usually young animals but may affect any age.
  • Signs: usually asymptomatic; may cause diarrhea and/or weight loss, pot-bellied appearance, polyphagia, lethargy or anemia (with hookworm and whipworm).
  • Diagnosis: fecal analysis.
  • Treatment: anthelmintic.
  • Prognosis: usually good with appropriate therapy.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Mucosal damage - see specific parasites.

Specific

Pathophysiology

  • Mucosal damage - detail varies with specific parasites.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Bouzid M (2015) The prevalence of Giardia infection in dogs and cats, a systematic review and meta-analysis of prevalence studies from stool samples. Vet Parasitol 207 (3-4), 181-202 PubMed.
  • Traversa D (2012) Pet roundworms and hookworms: a continuing need for global worming. Parasit Vectors 5, 91 PubMed.
  • Lee A C (2011) Utility of capsule endoscopy for evaluating anthelmintic efficacy in fully conscious dogs. Int J Parasitol 41 (13-14), 1377-1383 PubMed.
  • Scorza V (2010) Update of the diagnosis and management of Cryotosporidium spp infections in dogs and cats. Top Companion Anim Med 25 (3), 163-169 PubMed.
  • Stallbaumer M (1993) Treatment of helminths in dogs and cats. In Practice 15 (2), 77-79 In Practice.


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