Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Arthritis: protozoal

Contributor(s): John Innes

Introduction

  • Rarely a cause of polyarthritis, usually seen in old, debilitated, immunodeficient or immunosuppressed animals.
  • Cause: systemic spread from conjunctival membranes, respiratory passages or urinary tract.
  • Signs: inflammatory, non-erosive polyarthritis with swollen painful joints.
  • Diagnosis: signs, culture.
  • Treatment: prolonged administration of antibiotic of choice following sensitivity tests.
  • Prognosis: good following adequate treatment.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

Predisposing factors

General
  • Immunodeficiency - old age or debility,
  • Immunosuppression, eg undergoing cancer therapy,

Pathophysiology

  • Normal commensal → systemic spread of Mycoplasma → joints → acute synovial inflammatory response → non-erosive arthritis.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers


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