ISSN 2398-2942      

Peptostreptococcus spp

icanis
Contributor(s):

Richard Walker


Introduction

Classification

Taxonomy

  • Family: Peptostreptoccaceae.
  • Genus: Peptostreptococcus.

Etymology

  • Gk: pepto - cook, digest; streptos - twisted; kokkos - grain, berry, seed; streptococcus - the generic name.

Active Forms

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Clinical Effects

Epidemiology

Habitat

  • Part of normal flora of gastrointestinal tract.
  • Oral normal flora, especially gingival crevices.

Lifecycle

  • Reproduces by binary fission in the gastrointestinal tract, or under aerobic or anaerobic conditions.
  • Does not form spores.

Transmission

  • Direct or indirect.

Pathological effects

  • Dogs and cats - oropharyngeal and pleuropulmonary infections, other suppurative infections, eg bite wounds.
  • Combination of Arcanobacterium pyogenes Actinomyces pyogenes and an anaerobe, eg Peptostreptococcus indolicus → 'summer mastitis' in cattle.

Other Host Effects

  • Part of normal flora of mouth and intestine, especially in gingival crevices, together with other non-sporing anaerobes.

Control

Control via chemotherapies

  • Most strains are penicillin sensitive.

Vaccination

  • None.

Diagnosis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Price P M (1991) Pyoderma caused by Peptostreptococcus tetradius in a pup. JAVMA 198 (9), 1649-1650 PubMed.
  • Dow S W & Jones R L (1987) Anaerobic infections. I. Pathogenesis and clinical significance. Comp Cont Ed Pract Vet (7), 711-720 VetMedResource.
  • Dow S W, Jones R L, Adney W S (1986) Anaerobic bacterial infections and response to therapy in dogs and cats: 36 cases (1983-1985). JAVMA 189 (8), 930-934 PubMed.
  • Hirsch D C, Indiveri M C, Jang S S et al (1985) Changes in prevalence and susceptibility of obligate anaerobes in clinical veterinary practice. JAVMA 186 (10), 1086-1089 PubMed.

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code