Bovis ISSN 2398-2993

Urethrostomy +/- partial phallectomy

Synonym(s): Penectomy

Contributor(s): Ash Phipps, Karin Mueller

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Introduction

  • Salvage surgical procedure for male animals experiencing urolithiasis Urolithiasis with urethral obstruction.
  • There are two locations that have been described:
    1. “Low” perineal urethrostomy (near the scrotum).
    2. “High” perineal urethrostomy (near the ischium).

Uses

Advantages

  • Short-term, the procedure can allow the animal to recover for salvage slaughter.
  • May allow the animal to have semen collected for future breeding options.

Disadvantages

  • It is an invasive surgical procedure.
  • Long-term outcome is considered to be poor.
  • Loss of natural breeding ability.
  • There is a risk that stricture can develop (weeks to months post procedure).
  • Affected animals can obstruct proximal to the stoma.
  • Repeat procedures may be required for some animals.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

  • Long-term outcome is considered to be poor due to narrowing and stricture at the surgical site, risk of ascending infections and cystitis.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Sultan B et al (2017) Bovine urethral obstruction and its treatment: a review. Int J Curr Res Biol Med 2 (7), 15-25, doi: 10.22192/ijcrbm.2017.02.07.003.
  • Ismail Z B (2016) Epidural analgesia in cattle, buffalo, and camels. Vet World (12), 1450 PubMed.
  • Videla R & van Amstel S (2016) Urolithiasis. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 32 (3), 687–700 PubMed.
  • Edwolt J, Jones M & Meisner M (2008) Surgery of obstructive urolithiasis in ruminants. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 23 (3), 455-465 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Parkinson T J, Vermunt J J & Malmo J (2019) Diseases of Cattle in Australasia: A Comprehensive Textbook. New Zealand Veterinary Association Foundation for Continuing Education, New Zealand. pp 1140-1141.
  • Ames, N K (2014) Noordsy’s Food Animal Surgery – chapter 16. Wiley & Sons. pp 221-231.
  • Fubini S L & Ducharme N (2004) Farm Animal Surgery. Elsevier Health Sciences, USA. pp 539-540.


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