Bovis ISSN 2398-2993

Transfaunation

Synonym(s): Ruminal fluid

Contributor(s): Alice Johnson , Keith Cutler

Introduction

  • Transfaunation is the transfer of rumen fluid and its associated microorganisms, including protozoa, bacteria and fungi, from a healthy donor animal to a sick animal suspected of having compromized rumen microflora due to illness.

Uses

  • To improve digestive capabilities and speed up recovery from illness.
  • Studies have indicated that transfaunation may hasten recovery and return to milk yield following surgical correction of left displaced abomasum and is beneficial when treating cases of rumen acidosis.
    • Similar studies have shown no beneficial effects of transfaunation in healthy transition cows on a well-managed unit.

Advantages

  • A simple and quick supportive procedure to aid in recovery from digestive upsets.

Disadvantages

  • Collection of the sample requires an element of stress to the healthy donor animal and collection via stomach tube can be difficult.
  • Unlikely to be effective unless the primary cause of the illness can be rectified.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

  • Prognosis for recipient animal will vary depending on reason for transfaunation and response to treatment for that illness.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Steiner S, Neidl S, Linhart N, Tichy A, Gasteiner J, Gallob J, Baumgartner W & Wittek T (2015) Randomised prospective study compares efficacy of five different stomach tubes for rumen fluid sampling in dairy cows. Veterinary record Pubmed.
  • Shanks M (2012) Transfaunation - A practical technique for the bovine practitioner. Cattle practice 20 (1).
  • Rager K D, George L W, House J K & DePeters E J (2004) Evaluation of rumen transfaunation after surgical correction of left sided displacement of the abomasum in cows. JAVMA 225 (6), 915 - 920 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • DePeters E & George L (2015) Treating dairy cow indigestion with rumen transfaunation. In: Progressive dairyman.


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