Bovis ISSN 2398-2993

Mental nerve block

Synonym(s): Perineural anesthesia of mental nerve

Contributor(s): Karin Mueller , Alex Dugdale

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Introduction

  • Perineural anesthesia of the mental nerve, a branch of the mandibular nerve.

Uses

  • Facilitates examination of traumatic lesions of the lower lip and rostral mandible.
  • Minor surgery of the lower lip and rostral mandible.
  • Drug application into the mental canal enables cerclage-wire repair of a mandibular symphysis fracture and incisor tooth extraction. 
  • As an adjunct in a patient under general anesthesia as part of multi-modal anesthesia and analgesia.

Advantages

  • Inexpensive and minimal equipment needs.
  • Minimal side effects.
  • Allows standing surgery.
  • Minimal patient recovery time.

Disadvantages

  • Depending on accuracy of block placement, the area of desensitization can be variable.
  • Knowledge of the anatomical landmarks is required.
  • Good head restraint is required.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

Other sources of information

  • Wiley & Sons (2015) Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia. 5th edn.


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