Bovis ISSN 2398-2993

Liver biopsy

Synonym(s): tissue sample hepatic

Contributor(s): Karin Mueller , Phil Alcock

University of Liverpool logo Bishopton Veterinary Group logo RAFT logo

Introduction

  • Copper status is best assessed using liver tissue analysis.
  • Liver pathology is relatively common in cattle, in particular nutritional etiologies.
  • Clinical examination allows only limited assessment of the liver.
  • Blood liver enzymes are valuable, but require a substantial amount of liver damage before a rise will be seen.
  • Liver biopsy and ultrasonography offer the potential means to establish an early and definite diagnosis.

Uses

Advantages

  • Simple technique.
  • Can be done in the standing animal on farm.
  • Minimal risk of complications.

Disadvantages

  • Small size of sample may make laboratory analysis challenging.
  • Focal disease may be missed. Ultrasound guidance is useful in such cases.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

  • Good for procedure itself.
  • If undertaken in medical cases, dependant on severity of liver pathology.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers


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