Bovis ISSN 2398-2993

Intra-articular anesthesia

Synonym(s): intraarticular, anaesthesia

Contributor(s): Gayle Hallowell , Alex Dugdale

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Introduction

  • Intra-articular anesthesia is an infrequently performed technique in cattle.
  • It can be used to identify the site of lameness in individual cattle as well as providing analgesia.
  • Used to attempt to manage septic arthritis in cattle.

Uses

  • Lameness diagnosis.
  • Management of osteomyelitis.
  • Analgesia.

Advantages

  • Ability to localise pain to joint, tendon sheath or bursae.
  • Can provide long-term analgesia.

Disadvantages

  • Inconsistent in abolishing pain in some articular problems, particularly in chronic disease.
  • Requires strict aseptic technique.
  • Requires skilled personnel.
  • Theoretically toxic to articular cartilage.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

  • Is dependent on individual case.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Anderson D E, Desrochers A & van Amstel S R (2017) Surgical procedures of the distal limb for treatment of sepsis in cattle. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 33 (2), 329-350 VetMedResource.
  • Edmondson M A (2016) Local, regional, and spinal anesthesia in ruminants. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 32 (3), 535-552 VetMedResource.

Other sources of information

  • Valverde A & Sinclair M (2015) Chapter 51 ruminant and swine local anesthetic and analgesic techniques. In: Veterinary anesthesia and analgesia. Blackwell Publishing.
  • Clarke K & Trim C (2014) Anaesthesia of Cattle. In: Veterinary Aneesthesia. 11th edn. Elsevier


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