Bovis ISSN 2398-2993

Xylazine

Contributor(s): Kate White , Andrea Tarr

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Introduction

Name

  • Xylazine or xylazine hydrochloride.

Class of drug

  • Alpha-2 adrenoceptor stimulant.

Description

Chemical name

  • N-(5,6-Dihydro-4H-1,3-thiazin-2-yl)-2,6-xylidine.

Molecular formula

  • C12H16N2S.

Molecular weight

  • 220.3.

Storage requirements

  • Store at room temperature.
  • Discard 28 days after first opening.

Uses

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Indications

Administration

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Precautions

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Interactions

With other drugs

  • Concurrent administration of adrenoceptor stimulants is not recommended.

Withdrawal Period

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Adverse Reactions

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Abrahamsen E J (2013) Chemical restraint and injectable anesthesia of ruminants. The Veterinary Clinics of North America. Food Animal Practice, 29 (1), 209–27 PubMed.
  • Alexander D (2013) Bovine caesarean section 1. On-farm operations. In Practice, 35 (10), 574–588 VetMedResource.
  • Rizk A, Herdtweck S, Offinger J, Meyer H, Zaghloul A & Rehage J  (2012) The use of xylazine hydrochloride in an analgesic protocol for claw treatment of lame dairy cows in lateral recumbency on a surgical tipping table. Veterinary Journal, 192 (2), 193–198 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Plumb's Veterinary Drugs.
  • VMD Product Database.

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