ISSN 2398-2993      

Lidocaine

obovis

Synonym(s): Lignocaine, local anesthetic


Introduction

Name

  • Lidocaine hydrochloride.

Class of drug

  • Local anesthetic.
  • Amide-linked local anesthetic.
  • Class 1B antidysrhythmic.

Description

Chemical name

  • 2-(diethylamino)-N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)acetamide.
  • 2-diethylamino-2',6'-acetoxylidide.

Molecular formula

  • C14H22N2O.

Molecular weight

  • 234.3.

Physical properties

  • Clear, sterile aqueous solution.

Storage requirements

  • In a cool environment (<25°C).
  • Protect from light.

Uses

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Indications

  • Epidural Epidural.
  • Field block (with epinephrine Epinephrine).
  • Perineural anesthesia (with epinephrine).
  • Arrhythmias.
  • Intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA).
  • Surface anesthesia.
Lidocaine is not licensed for use in cattle in the UK.

Administration

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Pharmacokinetics

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Precautions

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Withdrawal Period

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Adverse Reactions

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

Other sources of information

  • Yolande Bishop (ed) (2005) The Veterinary Formulary. 6th edn. Published in association with the British Veterinary Association.
  • NOAH compendium of datasheets.
  • Committee for Veterinary Medicinal products (CVMP). EMA The European Agency for the evaluation of medicinal products, Evaluation of medicines for veterinary use.
  • Wildpro complex chemical agents: lidocaine.

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