Bovis ISSN 2398-2993

Epinephrine

Synonym(s): Adrenaline

Contributor(s): Louise Cox-O’Shea, Vetstream Ltd , Andrea Tarr

Introduction

Name

  • Epinephrine.

Class of drug

  • Adrenoceptor stimulant (sympathomimetic).

Description

Chemical name

  • (R)-4-[1-hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-1,2-benzenediol.
  • (-)-3,4-dihydroxy-alpha-[(methylamino)methyl] benzyl alcohol.

Molecular formula

  • C9H13NO3.

Molecular weight

  • 183.

Physical properties

  • Solution.

Storage requirements

  • Epinephrine is sensitive to light and air, and is unstable in 5% dextrose.
  • Store in a dark-colored bottle or keep in box.

Uses

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Indications

Administration

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Pharmocokinetics

Precautions

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Interactions

With other drugs

  • Dysrhythmias Dysrhythmias if used with halothane, isoflurane.

Withdrawal Period

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Adverse Reactions

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

Other sources of information

  • Bishop Y (2005) Ed The Veterinary Formulary. 6th edn. Pharmaceutical Press. ISBN: 0-85369-579-2.
  • Martindale: The Complete Drug Reference. Medicines Complete [online] www.medicinescomplete.com. Last accessed 27.12.17.

Organisation(s)


ADDED