Bovis ISSN 2398-2993

Valvular disease: overview

Synonym(s): Vegetative valvular endocarditis, Bacterial endocarditis.

Contributor(s): Louise Cox-O’Shea , Gayle Hallowell

University of Nottingham logo

Introduction

  • Valvular disease refers to the failure of the valves to open and close correctly.
  • The commonest cause of valvular disease in cattle is vegetative valvular disease or endocarditis. The tricuspid valve is most commonly affected.
  • Signs: focal cardiac murmur.
  • Diagnosis: auscultation, echocardiography, including Doppler.
  • Treatment: antibiosis for bacterial endocarditis, standard treatment for congestive heart failure if present.
  • Prognosis: guarded if associated with clinical signs.

Presenting signs

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Etiology

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Pathophysiology

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references by PubMed and VetMed Resource.
  • Maillard R, Petit E, Chomel B, Lacroux C et al (2017) Endocarditis in Cattle Caused by Bartonella BovisEmerge Infect Dis 13 (9), pp 1383-5 PubMed.
  • Adamu  L, Firdauz  F  J, Osman A Y, Sabri J et al (2014) Vegetative valvular endocarditis in a calf: a clinical report.  Research opinions in animal and veterinary sciences 4 (1),  pp 1-4 VetMed.

Other sources of information

  •  Traumatic Reticulitis and heart conditions in cattle. NADIS.


ADDED