ISSN 2398-2993      

Rumenotomy and ruminal fistulation

obovis
Contributor(s):

Paul Wood

James Breen

Royal Dick School Veterinary Studies logoUniversity of Nottingham logo

Synonym(s): Rumen, Fistulated, Surgery


Introduction

  • Rumenotomy: a surgical procedure which involves an incision into the rumen which is subsequently closed by the end of the procedure.
  • Rumenostomy (rumen fistulation): the creation of a semi-/permanent fistula between the rumen and the body wall.

Indications

  • Rumen surgery may be indicated in cattle for the following reasons:
    • Traumatic reticuloperitonitis (hardware disease).
    • Removal of foreign bodies.
    • Severe bloat.
    • Vagal indigestion.
    • Carbohydrate overload.
    • Evacuation of rumen following ingection of toxins or poisons.
    • Rumen impaction.
    • Impaction/atony of abomasum or omasum.
    • Rumen fluid collection for transfaunation procedures.
  • Indicated if no specific diagnosis has been made but the clinical picture appears to indicate involement of the stomachs:
    • Heart rate >100 beats per minute.
    • Reduction in fecal output.
    • Gastrointestinal hypomotility.
    • Abdominal distension.
    • Abdominal pain.
    • Experimental procedures.

Advantages: rumenotomy

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Advantages: rumenostomy

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Technical Problems

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Alternative techniques: rumenotomy

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Alternative techniques: rumenostomy

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Rumenotomy

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Therapeutic rumenostomy

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Management and prevention

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Antibiotic use

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Lozier J W & Niehaus A J (2016) Surgery of the Forestomach. Vet clin of north am food anim pract 32 (3), 617-628 PubMed.
  • Niehaus A J (2008) Surgery of the Forestomach. Vet clin of north am food anim pract 24 (2), 341-347
  • Ducharme N G (1990) Surgery of the bovine forestomach compartments. Vet clin north am food anim pract 6, 371-397 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Hendrickson D A & Baird A N (2013) Rumenotomy & Rumenostomy. In: Turner and McIlwraith’s Techniques in Large Animal Surgery. Wiley Blackwell. pp 215-221.
  • Scott P R, Penny  C D & Macrae A I (2011) Digestive Tract and Abdomen. In: Cattle Medicine. Manson Publishing. pp 59-93.
  • Fubini S L & Ducharme N G (2004) Surgery of the Ruminant Forestomach Compartments. In: Farm Animal Surgery. Ed:  E M Fathman. Saunders. pp 184-196.

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