Bovis ISSN 2398-2993

One health: what is one health?

Contributor(s): Jonathan Statham , David Tisdall

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Introduction

  • One Health is the concept which recognises that the health of people is connected to the health of animals and the environment.
  • The goal of One Health is to encourage the collaborative efforts of multiple disciplines-working locally, nationally, and globally-to achieve the best health for people, animals, and our environment.
  • Veterinary medicine routinely operates at the interface of the three components of One Health.
  • As the human population continues to increase and expand across our world, the interconnection of people, animals, and our environment becomes more significant and impactful.
  • As our population expands geographically, the contact between human and animal habitats increases, introducing the risk of exposure to new viruses, bacteria and other disease-causing pathogens into both human and animal populations.
  • Advancing technologies and science-based evidence is increasing the awareness, knowledge, and understanding of the interdependency of the health of humans, animals, and the environment.
  • It is estimated that at least 75% of emerging and re-emerging diseases are either zoonotic (spread between humans and animals) or vector-borne (carried from infected animals to others through insects.
  • Vigilant protection of our food and feed supplies for a growing population from food-borne diseases and contamination is critical for human and animal health.

Animal health/welfare and One Health

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Development of antimicrobial resistance (AMR)

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Antimicrobial stewardship

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Anthelmintic resistance

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Summary

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Tisdall D A, Reyher K K & Barrett D C (2017) Achieving responsible medicines use at practice and farm level. In practice 39 (3), 119-127.
  • Statham J M E, Green M, Husband J & Huxley J N (2017) ‘Climate change & cattle farming’. In practice vet record.
  • Statham J M E (2012) Encouraging active health planning. Vet rec, 439-440.
  • Keesing F, Belden L K & Daszak P et al (2010) Impacts of biodiversity on the emergence and transmission of infectious diseases. Nature 468 (7324), 647-652 PubMed.
  • Jones K E, Patel N G & Levy M A et al (2008) Global trends in emerging infectious diseases. Nature 451 (7181), 990-993 PubMed.
  • Sawant A A, Sordillo L M & Jayarao B M (2005) A survey on antibiotic usage in dairy herds in Pennsylvania. Journal of dairy science 88, 2991-2999 PubMed.
  • Slenning B D [online]. One health and climate change: linking environmental and animal health to human health. N C Med 71 (5), 434-437.

Other sources of information

  • Statham J M E (2017) Chapter. 23 Dairy herd health management: an overview. In: Achieving sustainable food production Vol 3: dairy herd management & welfare. pp 551-571.
  • O’Neill  (2016) Tackling drug-resistant infections globally: Final report and recommendations. H.M. publications.
  • One Health initative (2014) One Health initiative. [online]. Website: www.onehealthinitiative.com. Last accessed 2nd May 2018.
  • Statham  J M E, Green M, Huxley J & Statham S (2012) Dairy farming, food security and environmental issues. In: Dairy herd health. CABI. pp 279-296.
  • Reid S W J et al (2011) An ecological approach to assessing the epidemiology of antimicrobial resistance in animal and human populations. [online] Available from: rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org. Last accessed 2nd May 2018.
  • American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) One Health additional resources. [online]. Website: www.avma.org. Last accessed 2nd May 2018.
  • British Veterinary Association (BVA) Animicrobials poster. [online]. Website: www.bva.co.uk. Last accessed 2nd May 2018.
  • Cattle parasites (COWS) Controlling parasitic gastroenteritis in cattle. [online]. Website: www.cattleparasites.org.uk. Last accessed 2nd May 2018.


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