Bovis ISSN 2398-2993

Copper: overview

Contributor(s): Nigel Kendall , John Tulloch

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Introduction

  • Copper is an essential element, ie it is required by the body, but cannot be synthesized by the animal. It is required by many enzymes that have key roles in metabolic processes.
  • Copper may be associated with deficiency problems, toxicities, interactions and accumulations which can be grouped under the heading copper imbalance.
  • The EFRA/ACAF (2011) guidelines, on feeding copper to cattle are referenced at the bottom of this article.

Interactions

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Copper in the preruminant

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Copper requirements

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Deficiency

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Copper accumulation and toxicity

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Correcting copper issues

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Kendall N R, Holmes-Pavord H R, Bone P A, Ander E L & Young S D (2015) Liver copper concentrations in cull cattle in the UK - Are we copper loading cattle? Vet Rec 177, 493-U119 PubMed.
  • Sinclair L A & Atkins N E (2015) Intake of selected minerals on commercial dairy herds in central and northern England in comparison with requirements. Journal of Agricultural Science (Cambs) 153, 743-752.
  • Gould L & Kendall N R (2011) The role of the rumen in copper and thiomolybdate absorption. Nutrition Research Reviews 24, 176-182.

Other sources of information

  • National Research Council (NRC) (2016) Nutrient Requirements of Beef Cattle. 8th revised edn.Washington, DC: National Academy.
  • Kendall N R & Bone P (2013) Minerals for Dairy Cows: implications for Health. In: Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition. (Eds Garnsworthy P C & Wiseman J) pp 31-36.
  • ACAF (2011) Guidance note for supplementing copper to bovines: https://acaf.food.gov.uk/sites/default/files/multimedia/pdfs/committee/guidancesuppcopperbovines.pdf
  • National Research Council (NRC) (2001) Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle. 7th revised edn.Washington, DC: National Academy.


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