Bovis ISSN 2398-2993

Umbilicus disorders: overview

Contributor(s): Mike Reynolds , Graham Duncanson

Introduction

  • Umbilical disorders are commonly encountered in neonatal calves.
  • Umbilical disorders may be non-infectious in origin, as in the case of umbilical hernias or urachal cysts, infectious involving intra and extra abdominal umbilical structures, or a combination of the aforementioned.
  • Clinical symptoms of umbilical infections may include reduced appetite, weakened general condition, pyrexia and swelling of the umbilicus with fistula formation and purulent discharge.
  • Disorders of the urachus or the umbilical arteries are characterized by pollakiuria.

Umbilical hernia

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Umbilical abscesses

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Disorders of the urachus

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Disorders of the umbilical arteries

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Disorders of the umbilical veins

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Parietal hernias

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMed Resource.
  • Baird A N (2016) Surgery of the Umbilicus and Related Structures. Vet Clin Food Anim (32), pp 673–685 PubMed.
  • Steiner A & LeJeune B (2009) Ultrasonographic assessment of umbilical disorders. Vet Clin Food Anim (25) pp 781–794 PubMed.
  • Edwards B (1992) Umbilical hernias and infections in calves. In Practice (14) pp 163-170.


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