Bovis ISSN 2398-2993

Neonatal electrolyte abnormalities

Contributor(s): Mike Reynolds , Kristina Mueller

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Introduction

  • Fluid and electrolyte losses in neonatal enteritis can be significant and are often underestimated in the clinical case. As such, recognition of the clinical symptoma associated with these aberrations and knowledge of corrective and preventative measures is essential in the therapy of the ill neonate.

Hyponatremia

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Hypernatremia

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Hypokalemia

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Hyperkalemia

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Hypoglycemia

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Byers S R, Lear A S, Van Metre D C (2014) Sodium Balance and the Dysnatremias. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 30, 333-350 PubMed.
  • Smith G W (2009) Treatment of Calf Diarrhea: Oral Fluid Therapy.  Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 25, 55-72 PubMed.
  • Seifi H A, Mohri M, Shoorei E, Farzaneh N (2006) Using haematological and serum biochemical findings as prognostic indicators in calf diarrhea. Comp Clin Pathol 15, 143-147.
  • Angelos S M & Van Metre D C (1999) Treatment of sodium balance disorders. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 15, 587-607 PubMed.
  • Berchtold J (1999) Intravenous fluid therapy of calves. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 15, 505-531 PubMed.
  • Sweeney R W (1999) Treatment of potassium balance disorders. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 15,  609-617.

Other sources of information

  • House J K, Gunn A A, Chuck G, Mc Guirk S M (2015) Initial Mangement and Clinical Investigation of Neonatal Disease. In: Smith B P Large Animal Internal Medicine. 5th Edition pp 286-301.
  • Grove White (2007) Practical intravenous fluid therapy in the diarrhoeic calf. In Practice 29, 404-408.


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